UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE THIRD CIRCUIT
H. FRANK FIFE and JOHN G. AND
ELIZABETH STEELMAN FOUNDATION,
ATTORNEY GENERAL UNITED STATES OF AMERICA;
SECRETARY UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND
SECURITY; COMMISSIONER UNITED STATES CUSTOMS & BORDER
PROTECTION; DIRECTOR UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION AND
CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT; JUDSON W. MURDOCK, II, in his official
capacity as Houston CBP Director of Field Operations, individually, jointly,
separately and in the alternative
On Appeal from United States District Court
for the District of New Jersey
(D. C. No. 1-19-cv-13912)
District Court Judge: Honorable Noel L. Hillman
Submitted Pursuant to Third Circuit L.A.R. 34.1(a) on
March 9, 2021
Before: Chief Judge, SMITH, McKEE, and AMBRO, Circuit Judges
(Opinion filed: April 23, 2021)
McKee, Circuit Judge.
H. Frank Fife and the John G. and Elizabeth Steelman Foundation appeal the
District Court decision dismissing their Complaint for lack of standing. We will affirm
substantially for the reasons set forth by the District Court in its well-reasoned and
thorough opinion. We will only briefly elaborate.1
Appellants contend that the Government inflicted concrete and particularized harm
on them by barring a third party (Erika Contreras) from reentry to the United States. That
third party is not a party to this litigation.2 They nevertheless argue that Contreras’
expedited removal represents both pecuniary and nonpecuniary loss, multiple notice and
due process violations, and a deprivation of their liberty and property interests.3
Appellants erroneously characterize the Sponsorship Agreement and related
documents as a “contract” between them, Contreras, the school she attended, and the
Government.4 Despite their creative arguments to the contrary, the District Court
recognized that Appellants’ assistance to Contreras was purely gratuitous. They
This disposition is not an opinion of the full Court and under I.O.P. 5.7 does not
constitute binding precedent.
The District Court had original jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1331. We have
appellate jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review “dismissals for lack of standing
de novo.” Common Cause of Pa. v. Pa.,
558 F.3d 249
, 257 (3d Cir. 2009) (quoting
Graden v. Conexant Sys. Inc.,
496 F.3d 291
, 294 n. 2 (3d Cir. 2007)).
Appellant Br. at 14-15.
Appellant Br. at 19-20, 26-29.
previously conceded that they were “to receive nothing in return” for financing
Contreras’ education.5 Accordingly, Appellants have not met their burden of establishing
Article III standing,6 and we need not reach their claims of prudential standing.
For the foregoing reasons, we will affirm the judgment of the District Court.
Ohio App. 92
at ¶ 138.
Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife,
504 U.S. 555
, 561 (1992) (“The party invoking federal
jurisdiction bears the burden of establishing these elements.”).